Biodiversity denotes the mutual diversity of living systems. It has two components, the diversity (biodiversity), i.e. number of species, and disparity, i.e. the diversity (dissimilarity) of various forms of life.

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The classical Darwinian theory of evolution can explain the evolution of adaptive traits only in asexual organisms. The frozen plasticity theory is much more general: It can also explain the origin and evolution of adaptive traits in both asexual and sexual organisms Read more